Course code:
Course name:
Microbial Chemistry and Microbiology

Academic year:


Attendance requirements:




Study level:

basic academic studies

Study program:

Biochemistry: 3. year, summer semester, compulsory course


Vladimir P. Bekoski, Ph.D.
full professor, Faculty of Chemistry, Studentski trg 12-16, Beograd


Natalija S. Petronijevi

Kristina B. Kasalica
graduate researcher, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, Njegoeva 12, Beograd

Hours of instruction:

Weekly: three hours of lectures + four hours of labwork (3+0+4)


Introducing students to the basic theoretical knowledge in the field of biology of microorganisms, particularly prokaryotes and prokaryotic viruses; introducing students to the basic techniques in microbiology and the methods used in working with microorganisms.


Understanding the structure and function of cellular and acellular microorganisms at a basic level; the ability to use the literature independently; understanding the basic methods used in the study of microorganisms; acquiring skills necessary for working in a microbiology laboratory.

Teaching methods:

Lectures, interactive teaching, laboratory classes, colloquia, term papers.

Extracurricular activities:


Main coursebooks:

  1. M. T. Madigan, K. S. Bender, D. H. Buckley, W. M. Sattley, D. A. Stahl (editors): Brock's Biology of Microorganisms, 15th Edn., Pearson Education Limited, 2019.
  2. H. G. Schlegel: General Microbiology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1986.
  3. . -, . . : , ¼ - , , 2003.
  4. . . , . . : , , - , 2017.
  5. G. N. Cohen: Microbial Biochemistry, Springer, 2011.
  6. . . :

Supplementary coursebooks:

  • Various review papers, depending on the topic of the term paper.

Additional material:

  Course activities and grading method


5 points (3 hours a week)


  • The object of study and importance of microbiology. The methods used in the study of microorganisms.
  • The size and shapes of microorganisms, the structure and function of prokaryotic cells. The growth and metabolism of microorganisms. The cell wall.
  • The effect of physical and chemical factors on the growth. Biochemical adaptations of extremophiles. An overview of replication, transcription and translation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
  • Fundamentals of genetic engineering. General properties of viruses. Bacteriophages and the representative members of animal and plant viruses. Viroids. Prions.
  • DNA repair, mutations, transformation, conjugation, transduction.
  • Systematics and the representative groups of prokaryotes.
  • Microbial metabolism: photosynthesis, chemolithotrophy, nitrogen fixation.
  • Aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, fermentations.
  • Biogeochemical cycles.
  • The control of microbial growth, antibiotics, pathogenicity of microorganisms.
  • Fundamentals of ecological microbiology. Quorum sensing.
  • An overview of the application of microorganisms in biotechnological processes and environmental protection. Microbial metabolic engineering.


15 points (4 hours a week)


  • Safety in a microbiology laboratory, sterilization, media preparation.
  • Cultivation of microorganisms (MO), working in sterile conditions.
  • Analyzing the cultivated microorganisms, microscoping, the Gram staining, the Loeffler staining, the Schaeffer–Fulton staining, determining the size of MO.
  • The bacterial growth curve, determining the number of MO using the direct method.
  • Determining the number of viable microorganisms using the dilution method (air, water, soil, cheese, yoghurt), a pure culture.
  • The isolation of the pure culture of the bacteria of the genera Bacillus, Pseudomonas and Streptomyces.
  • Identification of MO using commercial API tests, bacterial fatty acids (GC).
  • Determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of tetracycline and plant extracts using the agar diffusion method.
  • Antibiotic sensitivity - results and comments, students defend their term papers.
  • The final test.

Semester papers:

15 points


15 points

Written exam:

20 points

Oral exam:

30 points